Is hydrogen a transport fuel of the future?

With the impacts of climate change and pollution as well as greater environmental awareness driving the imperative to find alternative solutions to fossil-fuelled vehicles, clean energy fuelling choices are gaining popularity. One of the solutions under scrutiny is the use and integration of hydrogen, particularly for long-haul, heavy-duty vehicles and other commercial transport.

Domenico Sicilia of Dover Fueling Solutions considers hydrogen as a future fuel for clean transport

However, with only a little over 200 hydrogen vehicle refuelling stations across the EU in 2021, it seems there is a long way to go before the hydrogen-powered transport revolution becomes a reality. 

Domenico Sicilia

Domenico Sicilia, sales director, Alternative Fuels LNG, Hydrogen & CNG at Dover Fueling Solutions, explains: “The hydrogen vehicle is not to be misunderstood by drivers with concerns over their affordability, safety, refilling times, and even their environmental credentials.”

“In reality, a lot of these are mere myths, because clean-fuelled vehicles, such as the hydrogen-powered truck or bus, and already-available, safe filling stations technology can pave the way to a greener future without fossil-fuel dependence.”

Which trucks are available?

If you’re considering choosing hydrogen over diesel for your next commercial vehicle – and, let’s face it, it is recommended – it pays to know which vehicles are available and which will soon enter production.

Manufacturers Hyundai and Hyzon are leading the rollout with the first fuel cell trucks recently appearing on the European market, while development continues apace for other companies.

Hyundai’s Xcient model is a significant entry for the South Korean manufacturer. The world’s first hydrogen-powered, heavy-duty truck hit Swiss roads in late 2021, and a total of 1600 units are expected to hit European roads by 2025.

Another haulage heavyweight is American brand Hyzon, whose Class 8 and Hymax models are also paving the way toward decarbonized heavy-duty road transport. Hyzon Motors form part of the European consortium, Hydrogen Europ which plans to introduce 100,000 fuel cell trucks by 2030.


Many business owners question whether hydrogen vehicles can go the distance like their traditional petrol/diesel alternatives, with common concerns regarding power and the availability of hydrogen fuel stations to cover long-haul trips.

As of 2001, the European Commission awarded nine countries 18.5 million euros to set up hydrogen-fueled transportation systems. This has now seen buses rolled out successfully across some European cities including Berlin. Initiatives such as H2Haul have also been undertaken in an attempt to provide hydrogen-fueled trucks across European countries – in the hopes of reducing haulage emissions to zero.

Currently, Volkswagen is developing a model which can travel 2000 kilometres on a single tank of fuel. While Volvo, for instance, is pouring millions into the development of its hydrogen-powered alternative with a range of 1000 km

Refuelling home and away

Clearly, improved driving ranges need to be coupled with a better hydrogen refuelling infrastructure across the EU for adoption to fully flourish.

Currently, there are over 200 fuelling stations across Europe, with Germany dwarfing the rest of the continent with over 100 of these. An EU-wide target of at least 1000 fueling stations by 2030 is a possibility with a refuelling site every 200 km across the proposed Test-T core network.

Of course, hydrogen trucks are also refuelled much like their diesel counterparts using the same simple, nozzle-to-pump method.

Why Not Just Stick with Diesel?

While hydrogen-powered technology and infrastructure remain a work in progress, companies and nations are working around the clock to combat this and meet tighter COP regulations. Purchasing hydrogen transport offers huge environmental benefits, given that they only produce water and warm air as emissions. Its fuel cells are inherently non-polluting and contribute nothing to global warming. In addition, driving ranges are improving, refuelling times are fast, and new EU tolling legislation provides huge benefits for zero-emissions trucks.

Make your next commercial fleet a hydrogen-powered one and save the planet, one mile at a time.